Eosalpingogaster and Salpingogaster are readily distinguished from all other syrphine groups by the presence of distinct black spinose bristles on the metafemur combined with the petiolate abdomen and sinuate vein R4+5. Both genera have petiolate abdomens, but Salpingogaster is distinguished from Eosalpingogaster by the much more greatly sinuate vein R4+5; other syrphines with sinuate vein R4+5 have oval abdomens. Eosalpingogaster has 1st tergum not produced into a spur, vein R4+5 only slightly sinuate and occipital cilia in 3–4 rows dorsally. In contrast, Salpingogaster has 1st tergum produced laterally into a strong spur and occipital cilia reduced to a single row dorsally.
Salpingogaster nigra has face yellow with medial black vitta, wing bicolour (anterior margin dark) extensively bare basally, alula broader than costal cell, and pleuron and abdomen mainly black with yellow markings.